What is Physical Fitness?
Physical fitness refers to the ability of the body system to perform efficiently and allow you to remain healthy and
accomplish all your activities without experiencing undue fatigue.
Physical fitness is paramount for overall health and wellbeing. When you’re physically fit, you can live your life to the full extent regardless of what life may bring.
Physical fitness is achieved through moderate-vigorous exercise, enough rest and proper nutrition. The benefits of physical fitness also extend to mental wellbeing.
What is the importance of physical fitness?
A gym Routine and Physical fitness are important to everyone regardless of your class or age.
The benefits of physical fitness cannot be overemphasized. By being physically fit, you can enjoy:
- It strengthens the heart. The heart is a muscle.
- helps keep arteries and veins clear. …
- strengthens the lungs. …
- reduces blood sugar levels. …
Types of physical fitness
Physical fitness is categorized into two broad categories, i.e. performance and health-related.
Performance-related includes qualities such as aerobic power, muscular strength, anaerobic power, flexibility, and capacity.
Health-related fitness, on the other hand, refers to qualities like aerobic power, flexibility, abdominal strength, body fat, and glucose tolerance and many more.
What are the components of physical fitness?
As you plan to adopt an effective gym routine that will help shape your health, here are the 11 components of physical fitness to consider.
Balance is the ability to maintain your body in the equilibrium state. It can either be dynamic or static.
Dynamic balance is the ability to maintain postural stability and orientation with the center of mass over the base of support while the body parts are in motion.
The exercises you can engage in to improve balance are those that workout core muscle groups. Yoga and Pilates are the best exercises for balance.
However, you need to perform these activities with good rhythm, accuracy, and technique.
4. Body Composition
Refers to the proportion of fat-free and lean body fat mass in the body, i.e. fat weight and lean weight, percentages of fat. Body composition is vital for your success in many sports. To enhance your body composition, you need to engage in various physical activities and eat well.
5. Cardiovascular Endurance
Flexibility is essential in case you want to participate in gymnastic events.
The best way to improve your flexibility is by stretching, doing yoga, Pilates, and Tai Chi among other exercises.
7. Muscular Endurance
Muscular endurance is the ability of muscles to contract repeatedly for a prolonged period of time.
You can measure your muscular endurance by counting the number of times you can do sit-ups, full squats and bicep curls with some weight without stopping.
To improve your muscular endurance, try engaging yourself in activities such as swimming, running, and cycling.
8. Muscular strength
It is the force a muscle can produce in one single movement.
The benefits of strong muscles include proper posture, movement, performance at work and other recreational activities.
Weightlifting exercises can help improve muscular strength.
This is the ability to perform a task as quickly as possible. Speed is essential in various sports. It is closely related to reaction time. The best way to improve speed is by engaging in different sport-specific and explosive exercises.
10. Power Strength & Speed
The meaning of Power is the ability to quickly exert muscular strength with marked acceleration meaning doing the work.
Combining strength and speed is power. Activities like shot-putting and Olympic lifting can bring high power.
11. Reaction time